This SSHRC-funded project, highlights the range of ways that bureaucrats, politicians, and nationalist agitators developed both formal and informal methods to exclude. In the view of many Argentine politicians and bureaucrats, South Asians, Japanese, Chinese, and Roma and to a lesser extent eastern European Jews and Ottoman subjects challenged the very reason for opening the country to immigration in the first place. These groups were seen as undermining the country’s already delicate balance between Europeanness, on the one hand, and the presence of Indigenous peoples, people of mixed ancestry, and Afro-Argentines, on the other. Alongside these concerns about race, unmarried women, people with disabilities, and workers in ill health were also prevented or discouraged from boarding ships bound for Buenos Aires, denied entry to the country, or excluded from the social and civic rights afforded to most other immigrants.
This project is funded by an Insight Grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (2021-25).